Storm of Locusts is the second novel in Roanhorse’s Sixth World series – I blogged about the first one, Trail of Lightning, here, and I found it an interesting take on fantasy from an author of Pueblo and African-American heritage.
- The fantasy genre has been shaken a bunch lately, and one of the ways that it has moved on from its obsession with young white men enacting their own vision quests is to feature heroes from a wide range of identity perspectives.
- This move has produced some amazing work, and I’ve enjoyed texts like Lauren Berkes’s Zoo City and Nnedi Okorafor’s Who Fears Death from Africa, and N.K. Jemisin’s mind-blowing gods and mortals series. They haven’t necessarily expanded fantasy so much as they have blown it apart, and these authors in particular have created worlds that are completely different from ours and yet resonate in ways that make me sort of shudder.
- Roanhorse’s perspective is an interesting one as well, and I find Maggie Hoskins to be a powerful character, one who is a monster hunter for the tribe. Writing the novel from her perspective causes it to lurch into urban fantasy territory, not one of my favorite genres, but I’m a sucker for anything set in the southwestern deserts of the U.S., and I’m particularly fascinated by the cultural world she sets this series in.
- In this novel we get a bit more of a picture of what’s left after global warming has made cities like Flagstaff coastal (!), and it’s not pretty – the Dine are the only functioning civilization that we see (although there are some Mormon enclaves that have survived and seem to not be complete dystopias).
- Part of Roanhorse’s argument appears to be that a Native culture like the Navajo are better suited to this new world, and that’s an argument that has some merit.
- Part of the delicate balance that series like this have is the need to walk a very careful line between meeting generic expectations – even if the genre has changed dramatically – and integrating new voices and perspectives. The identity questions that Roanhorse uproots are powerful ones, and yet she still incorporates some of the traditions of fantasy – the seeking of allies, the violence-in-the-name-of-the-good, the quest.
- Even the hunt for monsters meets the new generic expectations, as they are enormously powerful and yet she is still able to defeat them, with help.
- The problems with cultural appropriation are also real – they are brought to the fore by a Dine writer here, and Roanhorse has responded.
- One of the most powerful anxieties that Saad Bee Hozho identifies is this one – why should Dine culture, a living, breathing, constantly entity, be turned into myth and legend? Why didn’t Roanhorse use her own people (Pueblo) as a backdrop?
- And it’s not like this sort of appropriation hasn’t been going on for a long time…at least Roanhorse is Native American.